Benefits to the!Farmers no longer have to worry about growing food

2022-06-03 0 By

For a long time, on the one hand, the state has increased agricultural infrastructure investment in the field of production links to promote the improvement of comprehensive grain production capacity;On the other hand, we will give policy support to the circulation process to promote the orderly circulation of grain, protect the interests of grain farmers and motivate them to grow grain.In the circulation process, the state pays a large amount of grain subsidies every year to support the purchase and storage of grain, indirectly subsidizing farmers through the subsidies in the circulation process, and protecting farmers’ interests.This subsidy mode was closely related to the economic system and grain circulation system at that time, and played a positive role in implementing the policy of “open purchase at protected prices”, stabilizing grain production and supply and demand, and alleviating farmers’ “difficulty in selling grain”.In order to solve the high cost of growing grain for farmers and improve their enthusiasm for growing grain, the state has formulated more subsidy policies for farmers growing grain this year.With the implementation of rural revitalization, agriculture will develop in a large scale in the form of mechanization, and agricultural machinery is an essential production tool.However, the price of agricultural machinery itself is relatively high, so the government encourages farmers to purchase targeted agricultural machinery for special terrain, such as hills, mountains and other areas, and increases the subsidy amount to 35%, which will greatly improve the degree of agricultural mechanization.Subsidies for the development of high-quality crops Although China’s grain output has been bumper for years, the quality of China’s grain is uneven and there is a lack of high-quality agricultural products.We extended advanced agricultural technologies such as the integration of water and fertilizer to farmers and subsidized them for high-quality rice, wheat, high-oil soybeans and other specialty crops.Agricultural production services subsidize a large number of farmers to work in cities, and the elderly and women are mainly engaged in agricultural production.Therefore, farmer cooperatives, collective economic organizations, agricultural service enterprises and other organizations are encouraged to improve socialized services to farmers who lack labor, which will not only reduce costs, but also facilitate unified management.For example, in the form of alternative farming bags in the mountainous areas of southern China, incentives were given instead of subsidies.Soybean corn production subsidy China imports a large number of high quality corn and soybean from abroad every year.To ease the situation, the state has given subsidies to corn and soybean producers.Basically be in the light of planting big family and planting big county issue.It would not only subsidize farmers, but also restructure agricultural production.Actual grain farmers one-time subsidy in recent years, rural land circulation is more common, so rural land contractors and operators are not necessarily a main body, so the country should be for the actual farmers to subsidize, is the policy of subsidizing who farm.However, with the improvement of the market economic system and the promotion of the market-oriented reform of grain, its disadvantages are increasingly prominent, mainly: the low efficiency of fiscal subsidies Foreign experience shows that the subsidy efficiency is relatively low when supporting the price subsidy policy in the circulation link.According to oecd estimates, the subsidy efficiency of price policies in developed countries is only 25%, that is, farmers get only L yuan of subsidy of 4 yuan.In China, the efficiency of subsidies in the circulation link is relatively low. As a result, the government has spent money, but the effect is not obvious.China’s traditional open purchase policy of protected price not only promotes a large increase in grain production, but also brings a large quantity of grain overstock, which makes smooth circulation and price-adjusted sales into a dilemma, forcing the country to sell at a lower price or constantly lower the level of protected price, and ultimately the interests of farmers cannot be effectively protected.Low efficiency of fiscal subsidy Foreign experience shows that the subsidy efficiency of price subsidy policy supporting circulation link is relatively low.According to oecd estimates, the subsidy efficiency of price policies in developed countries is only 25%, that is, farmers get only L yuan of subsidy of 4 yuan.In China, the efficiency of subsidies in the circulation link is relatively low. As a result, the government has spent money, but the effect is not obvious.State-owned grain enterprises lack of reform pressure and motivation to implement the grain price protection policy, state-owned grain purchasing and marketing enterprises “purchase loans, inventory subsidies, losses on the account”, the policy dependence on the state is increasingly serious, lying on state subsidies, market economy consciousness gradually weakened.The government gives massive subsidies every year, but the companies fall into a “black hole” of loss.However, with the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, it is believed that the country will further improve the deficiencies in the subsidy system for agriculture, rural areas and farmers, and create more favorable policies for farmers.